India

CONTENTS: (This is for your reference)

what has been acquired by repeated hearing.
. nor upon tradition.

First induction
Four Major sites
Other Buddhist sites

First induction

Prior to his death, the Buddha instructed his disciple Ananda that followers could continue to seek and venerate him in places that resonated with important events in his life:
After the induction pls. put below major sites:
Four major sites

LUMBINI -  The Holy site of  the birth of prince  Siddhartha   
Temples/Hotels/Monasteries (create a ling for these )

                        
          
Home - lumbini
LUMBINI AND KAPILABASTU
“After I am no more , O Ananda!
Men of belief will visit the place with,
Curiosity and devotion.................
Lumbini , the place I was born.
The path to ultimate peace in spiritual discipline.
               --The Sakayamuni Buddha.

Lumbini : The grove of Lumbini where  Buddha was born is in kingdom of  Kapilavastu,  where Buddha grew up is situated in the southern Nepal.

Buddha was born in Lumbini on a full moon day in the month of Baisakh in 566 B.C. when Mayadevi was going to her maternal home, when the royal entourage stopped at the grove. Here under the Sal tree (Shorea Robusta). She gave a birth to a child who was named Siddhartha Gautama.

Attractions
Lumbini is in under the UNESCO world heritage site .
The area covers 3x1 sq. miles with Master plan comprising of three zones: Sacred Garden, Monastic Zone and New Lumbini Village.

 WITHIN SACRED GARDEN:
Sacred garden is situated in southern section.

Ashokan Pillar:
Ashokan Pillar is erected by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 249 Bc.is next to Mayadevi Temple.The inscription on the pillar testified the birth place of Buddha was written in Brahmi script
And in Plai Language; translate as below:

King Piyadasi (Ashoka),the beloved of gods , in the twentieth year of reign, himself made a royal visit.Shakayamuni Buddha was born here, therefore, the birth spot born here ,the tax of Lumbini Village was reduced to the eighth part only.
MAYADEVI TEMPLE:
Inside Mayadevi temple is a nativity sculpture dates back to 400 AD, with the image of Mayadevi holding a branch of a tree with right hand for a support in the time of delivery. Next to he, her younger sister Gautami Mahaprajpati is standing in a supportive posture. The newly born prince Siddhartha is standing upright on a lotus pedestal with two celestial figures receiving him. And below the sculpture is a marker spot of a birth place of Buddha.

PUSKARINI POND:
It is on the south of the Mayadevi temple where Mayadevi had a bath before the delivery and Buddha was bathed there after his birth.
Location
Lumbini is situated in Southern foothills of Nepal.
 22     Kms. from Bhairwa town, Nepal.
 120   kms.  from Gorakhpur city in Uttar Pradesh .
190   Kms from Kushinagar of Uttar Pradesh an.
 250  kms from Sravasti of Uttar Pradesh of North India
Excursion
KAPILAVASTU
TILAURAKOT
Tilaurakot an ancient capital of Kapilavastu is in 27 km west from Lumbini. It houses a ancient Shakaya palace where prince Siddhatha 27 years as a prince spent his youth..The rectangular fortified area with rampant moat along with its western and eastern gates surround the remains the citedal .Eastern gate of the palace where the prince Siddhartha left palace in a quest of finding the supreme knowledge.

Bodh Gaya -The site of  his enlightenment .
Temples/Hotels/Monasteries (create a ling for these )

Please add inner link of BODHGAYA as below:
BODHGAYA

After leaving home prince Siddhartha goes through constant striving with various methods of ascetism, finally discovers way to insight into the reality of his own nature and to experience true freedom from suffering under the Pe-to tree in the rural hamlet of Uruvela, today it is known as Bodhgaya.
On the occasion of his enlightnement, he broke out with spiritual awakening:
Aneka jati samsaram,
Sandhavissam anibbisam;
Gahakarakam gavesanto,
Dukkha jati punappunam.
Gahakaraka ditthosi,
Puna geham na kahasi;
Sabba te phasuka bhagga,
Gahakutam visankhitam;
Visankharagatam cittam,
Tanhanam khayamajjhaga.

So many births I have taken in this world, seeking in vain the bui1der of this house; in my search over and over, I took new birth, new suffering.
Oh! house builder, now I have seen you, you cannot make a new house for me; all your beams are broken, the ridge pole is shattered; my mind is freed from all the conditionings of the past, and has no more craving for the future.
[ The 'house builder' referred to above is avijja (ignorance). 'house' or 'new house' referred to above is nama-rupa (the mind-matter continuum) which is infact the 5 aggregates (pancakkhanda)-matter or body (rupa) and the 4 parts that constitute the mind, consciousness (vinnana) perception (sanna), sensation (vedana), reaction or conditioning (sankhara).]
Bodhgaya Today:
Mahabodhi temple and Bodhi Tree and Vajrasana:
These are the two sites pilgrims go to visit first Thei temple is built of bricks and stucco coatings and is fiftytow  meters in height.The construction uses the style of Dravidian architecture.
Next to the temple, to its western side , the holy Bodhi tree is of from its original sapling.
Vajrasana is a platform , made of a stone where Buddha sat during his enlightenment. It is kept off the
tourist reach, but having seen it may boost the spirit of pilgrims.
. Animeshlochan Chaitya:
 Holy place close to the Bodhi tree where the Buddha stood after receiving enlightenment, looking at the Bodhi tree in gratitude while thanking it for sitting under it had been fruitful for Him. The spot is more of a prayer hall for the devotees today.
·  Chankramanar : Chankramanar is a low platform adorned with nineteen lotuses parallel to the Maha Bodhi temple on its north side. It is also known as the Jewel walk, as the Buddha practiced walking meditation over here in the second week after His enlightenment.

Other interesting places around:
 80 ft Statue of the Buddha, Lotus Tank, Buddha Kund, Rajayatana, Brahm Yoni, Chinese Temple & Monastery, Burmese Temple, Buddhist Monastery of Bhutan, International Buddhist House & Japanese Temple, Thai Temple & Monastery, Tibetan Monastery, Archaeological Museum. Sujata village (2 kms), Dungeshwari Hill (Prag bodhi) (22 kms by road), Maitraya Project (3 kms).
Excursions
RAJGIR
Rajgriha (morden- Rajgir)
Rjgriha was a capital of a Magadha kingdom ruled by king Bimbisar. Buddha first came to Rajgriha when he lefthis palace searching for a guru.Buddha had spent a large part of his missionary life in Rajgriha.
Places to visit in Rajgir:
BENUBAN:
Benuban is in modern Rajgir,was gifted to Buddha by king Bimbasar  for rainy retreat ( vassa).It has a water tank called Karnada Tank where Buddha used to bathe  , statues of Buddha, temple, rest house for pilgrims.
Vulture Peak (Gijjakuta)
Vulture Peak , favourate retreate place of a Buddha is 5 km south east from Rajgir. According to the commentaries this place got its name because vultures used to perch on some of the peaks
The several rock shelters , caves, its fine view across the valley and its peaceful environment made it the perfect place for the retreat.Climbing the steps up, the pilgrims pass the caves where Buddha and his disciples meditated. Bit further up is a plane surface where Buddha gave his discourses: discourses to long nails, and Sukarakatha sutta, and some ancient archeologically ruins of monastery and pagoda can be visited..It was here too that Ven. Sariputra was enlightened. Climbing further to the eastern side of the ridge further up about 15 minutes walk is a Japanese world peace pagoda. There is also a cable car going up to Japanese world peace pagoda. We do not recommend it to use due to health and safety.
Jivika Mango Garden:
On the bottom of the vulture peak is Jivika mango garden, a royal dispensary where Buddha was brought to have dressing his wound.
Sattapani Caves:
At Sattapani first Buddhist council was convened 48 BC soon after Buddha’s death, is 5 kms away from Vulture’s peak.
Bimbisar prision:
On the half from Rajgir towards Vulture peak on the left, a sign post of Bmbisar prison is visible. ruins of prison is literally few meters on the left.It is where King Bimbisar was imprisoned by his son Ajatasatru in order to become a king himself.

How to get there: Rajgir is 102 km from Patana,66 km by road from Bodhgaya and 12 km from Nalanda

NALANDA

NALANDA UNIVERSITY
The tiny villageof Baragao, Nalanda, off the main stream of Bihar state was an ancient center of higher learning from the fifth century to 1197 CE. Nalanda  flourished from between the reign of Sakraditya either from period of Kumara Gupta -1 or Kumaragupta-2 .In 1197 CE , supported by patronage from the Hindu Gupta rulers as well as Buddhist emperors like Harsa and later emperors from Pala Empire.
The complex was built with red bricks and its ruins occupied an area of 14 hecters.In its heyday, the university attracted scholars and students as far as away from Tibet, China, Greece and Persia (modern Iran) Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by Bhaktiyar Khilji (Turk tribal member, long settled in Afganistan, was head of the military force) in 1193.The great library of the university was so vast that it reported to have burnt for three months after the invaders have set fire to it. The monks were either killed or drove off.
Nalanda was one of the first residential university . In its heyday it could accommodate 10,000 students and 2000 teachers.
The excavations have discovered some interesting facts and artefacts are worth seeing for visitors.
How to get there: From Patana 90 km, 78 km from Gaya, and 14 km from Rajgir. Buses are available from Patna and Rajgir.There is a railway station on the Bhaktipur - Rajgir line. How to get there: Rajgir is 102 km from Patana,66 km by road from Bodhgaya and 12 km from Nalanda

 Location:
Bodhgaya is in Bihar State in northern India.
How to get there:
By road Bodh Gaya is 16 km from Gaya, Patna( capital of Bihar) 115 Km.Nearest railway station is in Gaya. Nearest airport is Patna.

SARANATH - The  holy site of  his first sermon .
Temples/Hotels/Monasteries (create a ling for these )

Please add inner link of SARANATH as below
Isipathana (modern-day Saranath) 13 kms away from Varanasi, is a deer park, where the Buddha taught the Dhamma and Buddhism came into the existence.

SARANATH
Isipathana ( modern-day Saranath) 13 kms away from Varanasi, is a deer park, where the Buddha taught the Dhamma and Buddhism came into the existence.
After his enlightenment Buddha went looking for his two teachers to share his discovery and found that both of them had passed away. Then Buddha went looking for his spiritual colleagues in Saranath, sensing that they would be capable of understanding the Dhamma .As legend says, Buddha had no money to pay the ferryman to cross the river Ganges to get Saranath, he crossed it through the air. When King Bimbisara heard of this , he abolished the toll for ascetics.When Buddha met them in Saranath, he expounded the Dhamma known as turning the wheel of Dhamma (Dhammacakkappavattana).Buddha subsequently spent his first rainy season here in Mulagandhakuti.. Mulagandha Kuti is now a Vihara , the modern temple erected by the Mahabodhi Society. The temple was made by Kosetsu Nosu, Japan’s foremost painter and a rich repository of Buddhist literature. The ancient Mulagandha Kuti Temple is among the brick ruins of Sarnath.
Besides the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta mentioned above, several other suttas were preached by the Buddha while staying at Isipatana,
The Emperor Ashoka, visited Saranath 300 BC and built the stupa on top of Buddha’s relics.In later stages he also had built monasteries, some more stupas and also erected pillar.
Chinese traveller Fa Hsien   visited Saranath in 5th century AD ,found two monasteries and two stupas. Another Chinese traveller Xuangzang came in 7th century AD.  and found Saranath flourishing.There were many viharas with around 1500 monks studying , small and large stupas,lakes and Ashokan pillars.
In 12th century AD. a Buddhist queen Kumaradevi had also built a vihara and repaired many stupas and building in the site, which can be seen in Saranath.
In 12th century saranath was destroyed by invading Muslim armies.many monks were killed.
N 19th century Saranath was rediscovered by British archaeologist , sir Cunningham.

Attractions:

Dhamekh Stupa
The Dhamek Stupa was built in 500 CE to replace an earlier structure commissioned by the great  king Ashoka in 249 BCE. Stupas originated as circular mounds encircled by large stones. King Ashoka built stupas to enshrine small pieces of calcinated bone and other relics of the Buddha and his disciples. An Ashokan pillar with an edict is engraved on it stands near the site.
The Dhamek Stupa is said to mark the spot of a deer park (Rishipattana) where the Buddha gave the first sermon to his five disciples after attaining enlightenment, "revealing his Eightfold Path leading to   Nirvana.The stupa was enlarged on six occasions but the upper part is still unfinished. While visiting Sarnath in 640 CE Huyensang recorded that the colony had over 1,500 priests and the main stupa was nearly 300 feet (91 m) high.
In its current shape, the stupa is a solid cylinder of bricks and stone reaching a height of 43.6 meters and having a diameter of 28 meters. It is the most massive structure in Sarnath. The basement seems to have survived from Ashoka's structure: the stone facing is chiseled and displays delicate floral carvings of Gupta origin. The wall is covered with exquisitely carved figures of humans and birds, as well as inscriptions in the Brahmi Script.

CHAUKHANDI STUPA :

The Chaukhandi Stupa is thought originally to have been built as a terraced temple during the Gupta period between the 4th to 6th Century to mark the site where Lord Buddha and his first disciples met traveling from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath. Later Govardhan the son of a Raja modified the stupa to its present shape by building the octagonal tower to commemorate the visit of Humayun the powerful Mughal ruler.
Today the stupa is a high earthen mound covered with a brickwork edifice topped by an octagonal tower. It is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.

ASHOKAN PILLAR

The most celebrated pillar is the pillar with the lion capital is at Sarnath by Emperor Ashoka circa 250 BC. also called as "Asoka Column" . Here, four lions are seated back to back. At present the Column remains in the same place where as Lion Capital is at the Sarnath Museum. This Lion Capital of Ashoka from Sarnath has been adopted as the National Emblem of India and the wheel "Ashoka Chakra" from its base was placed onto the center of the National Flag of India.The four lions symbolize power, courage, confidence and pride .

The Sarnath Archeological Museum houses the famous Ashokan lion capita. which miraculously survived its 45-foot drop to the ground (from the top of the Ashokan Pillar), and became the National Emblem of India and national symbol on the Indian flag. The museum also houses a famous and refined Buddha-image of the Buddha in Dharmachakra-posture.
There is also a Bodhi tree next to Mulagandhakuti Bihara (temple ) planted by Anagarika Dharmapala which was grown from a cutting of the Bodhi Tree at Bodh Gaya..

.   Mulagandhakuti Vihara,: Turned into temple is next to Bodhi tree.

Excursions

Varanasi - is 13 km from Sarnath, is a city on the banks of the Ganges (Ganga ) in  the state of Uttar Pradesh known  also as  'Kashi' and very well known with the name of Banaras, is an one of the  ancient city dating back to thousands of years.It is the holiest of seven sacred cities in Hindusim and has played a significant role in the development of Budhism.
Banaras has many ghaats, temples. One of the largest residential universities of Asia is in the city - Banaras Hindu University is located here. Varanasi is often referred to as "the city of temples", "the holy city of India", "the religious capital of India", "the city of lights", "the city of learning", and "the oldest living city on earth.
Varanasi holds a prominent place in Hindu mythology . Mark Twain, the American writer, renowned indophile, who was mesmerised by the legend and sanctity of Varanasi, said of Varanasi: Varanasi is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together

How to get there:
Nearest point is Varanasi.Saranath is 13 kms away from Varanasi,
By rail: Saranath railway station Saranath, Major stations are :Varanasi junction, Varanasi,Mugalsaraya railway station Varanasi.
By air: Nearest airport is in Varanasi and is 29 kms from Saranath.It is connected with major cites in India as well as to Nepal.
By road:There is a road connection between Varanasi and Saranath as well as with other cites.

4 Kushinagara –( The site of his passing away  ).
Temples/Hotels/Monasteries (create a ling for these
KUSHINAGARA:
Kushinagara , one of the major Buddhist site, where Buddha chose for his Mahaparinirvana( final extinction of body and mind) to take palace .As he already had reached the state of parinirvana( unconditioning state of mind) since his enlightenment.
Though Kushinagara was small shanty town in Malla kingdom in ancient India, Buddha declined
the suggestions from different rulers from different kingdoms to gain Mahaparinirvana in their
major towns as it would be more convenient for as many people to pay homage to departing Buddha. .Buddha had sentimental value or Kushinagara.
 He said it was a town where he was born in previous lives and there he had an inspiration to become a fully enlightened one.He also had foreseen the dispute over his relics and where at would be settled after his mahaparinirvana. Buddha passed away at the site on the bank of river Hiranyavati.He was cremated at a site where the Ramabhar stupa has been built on his relics. Here the Buddha’s relics were divided into eight parts among his followers from different kingdoms and republic of Vaisali.
Attractions: Mahaparinirvana Temple and Nirvana Stupa.

The temple and stupa are situated among the ruins of various Buddhist viharas and have extensive lawns.These were raised on 2.74 meters platform and has space for meditation, prayer and circumambulation. The temple has a 6.10 meter long massive monolithic statue of Buddha ,unearthed during the excavations of 1876 by a team of archaeologist lead by general Cunningham, was in a shattered state, carved out of red sand stone of Chunar in recumbent position( Mahaparinirvana posture)reclining on the right hand side with the  head resting on the right palm and his face towards  the west.The posture traditionally know as sleeping lion’s posture which has no fear.The statue rests on the brick pedestal covered with stones slabs.The western face of the pedestal  has a sculputure panel depicting the inscription of 5th centuary AD . It was restored again at later stage by A C L Carlleyle in 1876.

MATHAKUR SHRINE:
This shrine is about 350 meters from Nirvana temple towards south on the left as you come out of the main gate of Nirvana temple on the end of the turning on the right hand side.This beautiful statue of Buddha is worth seeing is in “Bhumi esparsa mudra” earth touching posture- denoting the earth as his witness of enlightenment, dated 10th-11th CE.Adjacent to the shrine, ruins of monastery have also been discovered.
RAMBHAR STUPA:
This stupa is about 1.5 km away from nirvana temple, where Buddha was cremated.
KUSINAGARA MUSEUM:

The Kushinagar Museum,  was built a few years ago . You can view some of the Buddhist icons, architectural remains, ancient artefacts : coins of the Mallas , sculpted image  and Stucco statue of Lord Buddha in the meditation posture.
Besides the Kushinagar Museum you can visit the other places on your tour to Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh. One of the major Stupas is also the Ramabhar Stupa. Another major tourist attraction is the Nirvana Temple. The facts say that Lord Buddha passed away near this temple. There is a tall statue of Lord Buddha in the Nirvana temple which is located in Kushinagar.Museum opening time is 10 am -5 pm.Closed in Sunday.

BUDDHAGHAT AND HIRANYAVATI RIVER:
Buddhaghat in Hiranyavati river is close  the site of Rambhar stupa on the left the sign is posted.

How to reach Kushinagara:

By air: Gorakhpur airport is 47 kms from kushinagara . Route: NH28 – 45 minutes to Kushinagara from Gorakhpur airport by road.Kushinagara airport is 58 kms. from Gorakhpur.Route NH 28
By Road: From Varanasi national highway number NH233/SH 73 to Gorakhpur.By bus it takes 7 hours to Gorakhpur from Varanasi.
From Gorakhpur to Kusinagara is 54 kms. Route NH 28.There is a bus connection between Gorakhpur and Kusinagar- takes about 3 hours to Kushinagara
By Rail: Gorakhpur railway station, is a major junction connects with major cities in India.

Other Buddhist sites   

NALANDA UNIVERSITY- NALANDA
The tiny villageof Baragao, Nalanda, off the main stream of Bihar state was an ancient center of higher learning from the fifth century to 1197 CE. Nalanda  flourished from between the reign of Sakraditya either from period of Kumara Gupta -1 or Kumaragupta-2 .In 1197 CE , supported by patronage from the Hindu Gupta rulers as well as Buddhist emperors like Harsa and later emperors from Pala Empire.
The complex was built with red bricks and its ruins occupied an area of 14 hecters.In its heyday, the university attracted scholars and students as far as away from Tibet, China, Greece and Persia (modern Iran) Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by Bhaktiyar Khilji (Turk tribal member, long settled in Afganistan, was head of the military force) in 1193.The great library of the university was so vast that it reported to have burnt for three months after the invaders have set fire to it. The monks were either killed or drove off.
Nalanda was one of the first residential university . In its heyday it could accommodate 10,000 students and 2000 teachers.
     The excavations have discovered some interesting facts and artefacts are worth seeing for    visitors.
How to get there: From Patana 90 km, 78 km from Gaya, and 14 km from Rajgir. Buses are available from Patna and Rajgir.There is a railway station on the Bhaktipur - Rajgir line.

 

Rajgriha (morden- Rajgir)
Rjgriha was a capital of a Magadha kingdom ruled by king Bimbisar. Buddha first came to Rajgriha when he lefthis palace searching for a guru.Buddha had spent a large part of his missionary life in Rajgriha.

Places to visit in Rajgir:
Benubana:
Benubana is in modern Rajgir,was gifted to Buddha by king Bimbasar  for rainy retreat ( vassa).It has a water tank called Karnada Tank where Buddha used to bathe  , statues of Buddha, temple, rest house for pilgrims.

Vulture Peak (Gijjakuta)

Vulture Peak, favourite retreate place of a Buddha is 5 km south east from Rajgir. According to the commentaries this place got its name because vultures used to perch on some of the peaks
The several rock shelters, caves, its fine view across the valley and its peaceful environment made it the perfect place for the retreat. Climbing the steps up, the pilgrims pass the caves where Buddha and his disciples meditated. Bit further up is a plane surface where Buddha gave his discourses: discourses to long nails, and Sukarakatha sutta, and some ancient archeologically ruins of monastery and pagoda can be visited..It was here too that Ven. Sariputra was enlightened. Climbing further to the eastern side of the ridge further up about 15 minutes walk is a Japanese world peace pagoda. There is also a cable car going up to Japanese world peace pagoda. We do not recommend it to use due to health and safety.

Jivika Mango Garden:

On the bottom of the vulture peak is Jivika mango garden, a royal dispensary where Buddha was brought to have dressing his wound.

Sattapani Caves:

At Sattapanivaes first Buddhist council was convened 48 BC soon after Buddha’s death, is 5 kms away from Vulture’s peak.

Bimbisar prision:

On the half from Rajgir towards Vulture peak on the left, a sign post of Bmbisar prison is visible.Ruins of prison is literally few meters on the left.It is where King Bimbisar was imprisoned by his son Ajatasatru in order to become a king himself.

How to get there: Rajgir is 102 km from Patana,66 km by road from Bodhgaya and 12 km from Nalanda

VAISALI
Vaisali was the capital city of Licchavi, one of the world’s first republics in the Vajjan confederacy; around 6th century BC .Buddha first came to Vaisali after leaving home in a search of a spiritual teacher.It is where Buddha gave his last sermon and also announced he was leaving towards Kushinagara for his mahaparinirvana.
Buddha’s foster mother Mahaprajapati came here with other Shakaya women asking for Buddha to take them in Shangha.Initally Buddha was reluctant to take them in Sangha.Ananda suggested Buddha to accept them into the Sangha, and Buddha entered them into the sangha.This was where the first vikhuni order was eastablished.It is where famous  courtisean Amrapali invited Buddha to her home and also donated  mango groove to Buddha which is now believed to be in nearby village Amvara.
It is where Ven. Ananda was cremated, and  a stupa was built on it, and next to it is Rama Kunda where monkeys offered honey to Buddha.After Buddha’s Mahaparinirvan second Buddhist council was held and Buddhist missionaries were also sent to other lands to spread the Dhamma.
Attractions:
 Ananda stupa, Ashokan pillar, Ramakunda.
Buddha’s Stupa: Buddha’s relics were divided into eight and one part was brought by Lichhivs and formed a stupa on it  is 1.5 km from Ashokan pillar.World peace japans pagoda and temple is  also nearby.
How to get there:
The nearest airport is in Patna, 55 km distance from Vaisali. Convinient Railway station is Patna.There are also  railway stations in Muzafurpur -35 km, Hazipur -37 km by road.

SANKASIYA:
Sankasia is in a village of Sankisa – Basantapur in district of Farukhabad, Utter Pradesh.It was discovered by General Cunningham in 1862.
According to Buddhist source, Buddha ascended to Tushita heaven from Sravasti and taught Abhidhamma to her mother, queen Mayadevi for three months, who was reborn as a male god there.Tusita is one of the Deva’s world of kamadhatu, located between the Yama heaven and Nirmanavati heaven, which is said to be reachable through meditation. It is a heaven where Buddha resided before he was born as a human being.
Seven days before his descent the Buddha set aside his invisibility. Anuruddha perceived him by his divine sight (divya cakkhu) and urged Mauggalana to go and greet him. As Mauggalana did so and informed Buddha that the order of Sangha longed to see him.Buddha replied that in seven days he would return to the world.The great assemb;y of kings and people from eight different kingdoms gathered for his reception.As Buddha descended , a flight of golden stairs appeared down on which he came and on the right side of him was a Brahma( god of creation) descending on a crystal staircase, while to the left was Indra( rain god) down on a flight of silver staircase holding a jewelled umbrella .
After descending Buddha bathed immediately and later bathing hose and stupa were built to mark the site.Stupas were also raised at the site where he cut his hairs and nails, and where he entered Samadhi.
The three steps disappeared into the ground but seven steps of each stairs remained above .Later in his visit ,King Ashoka had his men dug into the earth around the protrusions to discover the dept.They could not find anything below. Ashoka built temple over them with standing image of Buddha above the middle flight. Behind the temple he erected the pillar with elephant on top.
Chinese pilgrim traveller Hsuan Tsang( 602 AD – 644 AD) tells in his travelogue that stairs had existed until a few centuries before his visit. Fah- Hsien another Chinese pilgrim traveller (399AD- 412AD) had  described it had around 1000 monks and nuns practising Dhamma.
Attractions:
The Ashokan pillar and Buddha statue is situated here.
Bisharadevi temple is 450 meters from the village, standing on a stupa measuring 455x303 meters.
How to get there;
It is 47 kms. from Farrukhabad by road.Farukkabad has well connected railhead with major cities in U.P.By air Agra airport  is the nearest- 207 kms from here.

SRAVASTI
Sravasti was located on the banks of river Aciravati (modern day Rapti river). It was a capital city of Koshal and its king was Prasenajit,  patronage of Buddha.
Buddha first visited Sravasti in invitation of Anathapindica (very rich merchant) another patronage of Buddha who met Buddha in Rajgriha.
In Sravasti many yearly gathering had taken place in Sravassti during Vassa (3 months rain retreat).During Buddha’s time in Sravasti, out of four Nikayas, 871 suttas were said to have been preached there; 844 of which in Jetavana (park with monasteries) donated by Anathapindika, 23 in Pubbarama and four in the suburb of Sravasti.according to Buddhist commentary Buddha spent 25 rainy seasons in Sravasti, out of which Buddha spent 19 rainy season in Jetavana and six in Pubbarama monastery. Buddha also had performed some miracles in Sravasti.
Sravast also contains Rajkarama monastery opposite Jetavana, donated by King Prasenajita.
SRAVASTI TODAY:
Of the ancient Sravasti the city walls are still standing, within there the remains of the three ancient buildings can be visited: Angulamala’s stupa , Anathapindika’s stupa and an old temple dedicated to Jain thirthankara. Outside of the Sravasti is located a stupa where twin ( pali yamak Patihara ) were perfomed by Buddha.
How to reach there;
By air: nearest airport is Luckhnow.
Railhead: nearest railhead is Balarampur.
By road:Lackhnow is 150 kms, Balrampur is 19 kms.
KESARIYA
Kesheriya is in a town in Bihar state , northern India, in the district of east Champaran near Rampur, Khajuriya . Stupa in Kesariya was built by King Ashoka and it is said to be rebuilt or enlarged by many rulers afterwards.It is the largest and tallest stupa in India and most probably in the world with the height of 104 feet.It is 1 foot  taller than the stupa in Borodopur in Indonesia.The stupa was discovered in 1998 during an excavation by the archeological society of India.The national informatics information center of east Champaran suggests the Kesaria stupa was 123 feet tall before 1934 earthquake in Bihar. According to archaeological survey of India, stupa was 150 in height.
Keshsariya is famous for the sutta given by Buddha while he was passing through village of Kesaputta, was greeted by its inhabitants, a clan called Calamas.They asked for his advice: they said that many wandering holy men and ascetics pass through expounding their teachings and criticising others. So whose teaching should they follow? Buddha delivers in response a sermon that serves as an entry point to Dhamma for the unconvinced by mere spectacular revalation.
Buddha proceeds the list to the criteria by which any responsible can decide which teachings to accept as true. Do not believe the religious  teachings ,he tells the Kalamas , just because they are claimed to be true or even application of various methods or techniques. Direct knowledge grounded in one’s own knowledge can be called upon. He advised that the words of wise should be heeded and taken into account. Not in other words , passive acceptance , but rather constant striving and personal testing to identify those truth which you are able to demonstrate to yourself actually reduce your own stress and misery.The  Kalama sutta states:
. do not go upon
.nor upon what is in a scripture.
.nor upon surmise.
.nor upon an axiom.
.nor upon specious reasoning.
.nor upon bias
. nor upon another’s seeming ability
.nor upon the consideration, “the monk is our teacher.”

 

Reserve Now

© 2014 Guide Mart Lanka (Pvt).ltd
Diyon Web